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Drama-in-Education: A Modern Revolution

Drama-in-Education in action: Students Learning to enact Social Situations

Drama-in-Education in action: Students Learning to enact Social Situations

September is the month for teachers. Teacher’s Day came and went. The President gave away the National Award for Teachers to nearly 400 teachers at a special ceremony in Delhi. And nominations for the 2017 Global Teacher Prize were opened. Across the globe – from the refugee camps of Bethlehem to the street schools of Mumbai to the community programmes at RADA – efforts are being made to bring education, and the importance of good teachers to impart it, to the centre of the changemaking discourse.

Imagine then, not a classroom, but an empty space for noisy discovery  – desks pushed to a wall, artwork and props heaped in corners, a cacophony of questions, ideas, arguments and discussions.

“Maam, I can’t pronounce antagonist. May I say villain instead?”

“Walk slowly now. Think of what it would be if you wanted to jump and run, but your body wouldn’t listen to you. Think about that the next time you’re yanking your grandma’s hand”

“Maam, the Prince is forgetting to take his sword every time. I can pick it up and take it with me while exiting the stage.”  

“Here you go Sir, we all come up with solutions to this scenario. Now you chose!”

“Don’t worry miss, we’ll finish this, I’ll make sure we all know what to do.”

“I felt really bad. I guess I shouldn’t have bullied everyone when it was my turn.”

“Sir, I love playing the fairy, because I love to fly.”

Today more than ever teaching needs to reach beyond instruction to the creation of experience. Which is why it is time for us to shine the spotlight on arts educators and drama teachers. Because that’s what art and drama in a classroom setting creates – opportunities for acknowledging, experiencing and expressing – as individuals and as groups. So here is a look at just how Drama-in-Education contributes to the holistic development of the child, teacher and society as an extension.

Creating a Safe Space: Drama as a Tool for Social Emotional Development

The beauty of Drama-in-Education is that it shows us how teamwork and awareness of others can be incorporated into children’s psyche without having to preach it to them. 

Be it maths or social studies, finding solutions together is always a better way to learn.

Be it maths or social studies, finding solutions together is always a better way to learn.

How they can be encouraged to ask questions and reason for themselves. How they can develop problem-solving skills which further trigger decision-making. How they can be very subtly pushed to shed their multiple layers – layers of inhibitions, layers of fear, layers of judgement (not just towards the others but also towards their own selves) – at the right age and come into their own.

 

 

Puppets allow children to engage with difficult concepts without putting them on the spot.

Puppets allow children to engage with difficult concepts without putting them on the spot.

Shaizia Jifri  believes teaching drama is “being involved with something that is introducing a way of thinking and questioning that seems to be vanishing from the education system.” Shaizia has been teaching drama for the past 7 years and works as a puppeteer. She uses puppets as a drama resource in class. Puppets often become mirrors for those using them. And in the hands of children, they can become incredible tools tackling sensitive issues like abuse and disability.

As drama teacher at Don Bosco, Mumbai Keisha Lobo puts it “While information can bring about mental stimulation, drama brings about emotional stimulation in kids. It helps in igniting their imagination and most importantly, helps generate empathy in a child.” Empathy, of course has long been seen as the lynchpin for Social Emotional Learning – a concept that started gaining ground in the late 2000’s based on research into communal and gun violence.  

Large Concepts made Relatable: In all Subjects!

Drama allows for a unique and active balance between challenges and motivation. The point is to stimulate reaction without compounding stress by making difficult concepts easy to digest.

Learning Social Hierarchies and Power-struggles in History through an enactment of 'Merchant of Venice'

Learning Social Hierarchies and Power-struggles through an enactment of ‘Merchant of Venice’

Says Manasi Chopra, drama teacher, Japanese instructor and Creative Art Therapy practitioner, “Children never cease to surprise me with their ideas and their ability to simplify things. When I wanted to work out something with the concept of space (universe), I had a kid coming to me while we were doing a little exercise to say, “You know it’s weird but the cavity in my teeth is also space.”. That’s the kind of simplification and interconnection drama creates by making large concepts relatable. 

One gets to pick up complex topics like the history of civilizations, mathematics and break them down into digestible components.

From Role-play to Role-modeling: Benefits to Teachers

Drama-in-Education allows adults who work with children to genuinely role-model behaviour and become true influencers. It makes the process of teaching and thereby learning more enjoyable.

Drama allows trust to build both ways through a sharing of experiences in a safe space

Drama allows trust to build both ways through a sharing of experiences in a safe space

“It’s a constant process of inventing, evaluating, re-evaluating and re-inventing ideas, and in that process you get to learn a lot more than what you get to teach,” says Surdhani Zaheer, a drama instructor at The Heritage School, Vasant Kunj in Delhi.  In an age of rote learning, it breeds creativity in classrooms. Teachers bring together a variety of elements such as movement, voice, concentration, collaboration, communication skills, role play and improvisation. This benefits them as much as the children. 

Teachers at Rustomjee learning how to use drama in the classroom

Teachers at Rustomjee learning how to use drama in the classroom

In fact a of schools have begun seeing how drama aids in the development of their employees. Rustomjee Cambridge recently had teachers of English, Social Studies, Math and Science undergo training in Using Drama for Learning.

 

Drama-in-Education has brought in a revolutionary approach with respect to learning and teaching. And perhaps the time has come to join this revolution and bring the benefits of drama to children everywhere.

– Written as a tribute to drama educators everywhere for Teacher’s Day, 2016 by Arwa Janjali and Hina Siddiqui in conversation with all the drama teachers and educators at the Young People’s Theatre Programme.

Happy Women’s Day!

This Women’s Day, we at TPPL decided to profile our behind-the-scenes women extraordinaire so that the world can know and appreciate, like we do each day, the great work they do to make Theatre Professionals the organization that it is.

Tasneem Fatehi – Luktuke

Tasneem

As the founder-director of TPPL, Tasneem is pretty much the backbone of everything that happens at the Young People’s Theatre Programme. She takes on wary school-board members and precocious drama-room children  with equal elan and is always the go-to person for seemingly insolvable problems.  She came aboard in a leadership role at Theatre Professionals because she saw the potential and need for Drama in Education when the idea was brought to her 8 years ago and has never looked back since.

One of her fondest memories at the organization is when she sat up all night with an Annual Days Team in Nanded to ensure that sets for The Jungle Book, which had been abandoned by the craftsmen, would be finished in time for the show the next day.

To people who want to join a band-wagon that rides the cusp of drama and education, Tasneem says, “It won’t be as simple as you think, but it will more rewarding  than you can imagine.”

Pankti Shah

Pankti

What would we do without Pankti! It’s a thought that occurs often to everyone who works out of the Theatre Professionals  office at Charni Road. As Company Manager, Pankti is the ace up our sleeve for streamlining any process, no matter how many layers of work are involved. Pankti controls the back-end of our work like a boss and is one heck of a positive, practical force to have on your side. She has been with the company for more than 4 years and her recruitment involved a drama workshop in true TPPL style. Personally invested in all the people we bring drama to, Pankti’s proudest moments are when she saw the first batch graduate from The Drama School, Mumbai and when she saw the children of a TPPL school set the stage afire with three years worth of drama training.

To people who’d like to work with TPPL, she says, “TPPL has never said ‘No’ to learning, making mistakes. Here you can explore, see for yourself and take back what you want.”

Kalyani Hiwale

Kalyani

With more than a decade of theatre-teaching experience in her tool-kit, Kalyani could very well be the single biggest source of drama at Theatre Professionals! She’s been with us for 4 years and joining TPPL was like a giving her teaching practice a much-needed reboot.

Kalyani mentors our team of 20 teachers in Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi and then finds time to direct some amazing experimental theatre. When working at a BMC school some years back, a 14-year old from her class was asked to leave school due to continual behaviour issues. The child brazenly replied that they could kick him out of school, but he’d still come for drama class every week. Kalyani put herself out on a limb and cast the child as the lead in a play the children performed at the Kala Ghoda Arts Festival. The transformation her decision brought to the child is something teachers at the school still talk about.

To theatremakers and teachers who want to look at drama as a career, Kalyani says, “The world needs all the drama it can get. It’s never enough. So, go out there and make, teach, receive.”

Priti Bakalkar

Priti

Straight-forward, laconic and super-efficient, Priti is the Programme Head at The Drama School, Mumbai. Though trained as a lawyer, Priti moved in to the arts sector with gusto to take the challenges faced by the industry and turn them in to opportunities. In her nearly 3 years with DSM, she has made it the premier institution in Mumbai that offers theatre-training to enrolled students, professional theatremakers and even hobbyists. Her no-nonsense approach to work makes her an ideal mentor and manager for the young students, faculty and all the rest of us miscreants.

True to form, when asked for advice she’d give to someone looking to come aboard the TPPL ship, Priti simply says, “Come with an open mind.” 

We work with a lot of women at Theatre Professionals. And do our best to be an eco-system, so that they can balance their work, dreams and everything else that society expects women to achieve. The four women whose stories we’ve shared make the dreams of many come true, ensuring that there’s oil in the right places to keep the gears of our organization whirring. But though we don’t name them, we raise our glasses and take a moment to wish the many women who teach for YPTP, the faculty at DSM, the India Theatre Programme managers and every woman who contributes her ideas and dreams to the Theatre Professionals:

HAPPY WOMEN’S DAY 

You complete us!